The European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR)

The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms prohibits any discrimination based on sex, race, colour, language, religion, national or social origin, or association with a national minority (article 14). Yet the provision is to be applied with respect to rights under the Convention. For instance, a non-Polish person feels discriminated against on the grounds of his/ her nationality because he/ she is forbidden to express his/ her political opinions (article 10) while the same ban is not applied to persons of a Polish nationality, or a person is discriminated against on the grounds of skin colour while registering an association – in this case registration becomes problematic only because of the person’s different skin colour (article 11).